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Cold winter days, children often caught flu, flu, such as diseases began to fall behind. However, in summer, diarrhea, sunstroke, such as diseases threaten children. We are getting ready to enter the summer these days about summer diseases and measures to be taken at Memorial Hospital Child Health and Diseases Specialist Dr.. We spoke with Serap Turan.
: What are the most common diseases in summer?
Dr. Serap Turan With the start of summer colds, coughs, colds and flu is reduced. Instead of more new and different diseases are seen. Diarrhea is the most common of these diseases. Other than that, depending on the weather is very hot cases of sunstroke are seen. In addition, bee and insect stings are also frequently encountered.
: What are the causes of diarrhea cases?
Dr. Serap Turan Microbial diarrhea is usually seen. It is transmitted from dirty water, foods such as poorly washed salads or from foods such as chicken, mayonnaise, ketchup. In addition, we encounter patients with diarrhea as a result of catching germs from the pool during the summer months.
: What are the precautions to be taken in order not to catch children?
Dr. Serap Turan First of all, food should not be taken from outside as much as possible. Especially fresh food should not be taken to children. The fruits and vegetables taken from outside should be washed very well. Boiling and cooling the water is useful to drink. If you go to the pool with children, you should always choose the ones that are well chlorinated and ensure that children do not swallow water.
: What should be considered by the family if children have diarrhea?
Dr. Serap Turan Nowadays, the first thing to do during diarrhea is to stop feeding and give fluid support despite vomiting. The World Health Organization is recommending oral rehydrotation. Ready solution consisting of salt and sugar are several examples in Turkey. It is prepared by pouring a sachet into 1 liter of boiled warmed drinking water. After each diarrheal stool, if the child is older than 2 years, this solution should be given 1/4 (250 ml), if under the age of 2, half of this solution (125 ml) should be given. At that time, fluid support becomes important before feeding. It is more appropriate not to use antiseptic medications to stop diarrhea. Otherwise, the microbes that need to be thrown out remain inside the intestine, which can cause intestinal inflammation in the future.
: What are the conditions to consult a doctor?
Dr. Serap Turan Severe and in the form of water, 4-5 times a day, in the case of diarrhea lasting more than 24 hours, if there is blood or slimy material in the feces at any time, the child can not keep anything in the vomiting and diarrhea infants under 6 months of age should be consulted to the doctor. Despite the precautions, fluid loss findings should be mentioned. If the number of wet diapers changed per day is halved, there is no tear in babies, the mouth and lips are very dry, and the baby is dehydrated in case of a collapsed binggilda. In this case, if necessary, intravenous serum is given to the doctor.
: Could you tell us about the most common sunstrokes in summer?
Dr. Serap Turan Among the most common diseases in the summer, sunstroke is one of the most common diseases caused by external factors. Especially on very hot days, when the weather is difficult to sweat with the effect of moisture, the sun's rays are the most powerful at noon and can be in the absence of wind. They can also be seen if they stay in the car for a long time. In such a case, the child's fever arises due to excessive fluid loss. He also has headaches or dizziness.
: What precautions should families take in the face of such a situation?
Dr. Serap Turan In such a case, the child should be given plenty of fluids, the clothes should be removed immediately and a cold environment should be created. Tolerance of fluid loss is of great importance. Children can also be relieved by a warm shower. If a fever of up to 40 degrees is concerned, a doctor should be consulted.
: Finally, you mentioned that cases of insect bites are common. What should families do with such a situation?
Dr. Serap Turan Redness, itching after bee and insect sting passes within 24 hours of this situation does not need to be alarmed. There are things to do before you worry. We need to take the poison there. There are negative pressure pumps on the market. When you put it in the negative pressure and put it in the part of the bee, scorpion, snake stings there is the poison. In addition, to avoid swelling of the reaction site, ice should be applied and a lotion should be applied against allergy. However, if there is an allergic condition, if the child's face has swelling in the eyes, consult a doctor immediately.
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