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Pregnancy is undoubtedly a troublesome period in which every woman has many changes in her body. Experienced weight gain, body deformation and skin problems upset mothers. While some expectant mothers do not have any skin problems during pregnancy, some of them have problems such as skin dryness, stretch marks, itching, and oily skin. However, you can add beauty to your beauty by taking the right measures against the problems. All you have to do Memorial Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Uz. Dr. Ayfer Aydın is the listen to suggestions!
Stay Away from the Sun
Pigment (skin color) changes on the face are often irregularly limited brown spots on the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose and chin and are called pregnancy masks. This increase in pigment seen in 70-90% women often disappears after birth. In rare cases, the increase in pigment is in the deep layers of the skin as if it were a tattoo. Treatment of such conditions is carried out by a dermatologist skilled in the art. Avoiding the sun, which is an intense ultraviolet light source and using a sunscreen with at least 15 factors when sun goes out, is very effective in reducing the staining. It should be noted that even in cloudy weather in summer, the UV rays of the sun can affect the skin. There is no harm in covering the stained areas with make-up.
Keep your skin clean and dry
Hormones that change during pregnancy, especially from the 8th week, cause pre-existing pimples to increase in some expectant mothers, or acne for the first time during pregnancy. In rare cases, there is a decrease in existing acne. Skin should always be kept clean and dry. When acne causes cosmetic problems, regional medications may be used according to the doctor's recommendation. (Isotretinoin-containing “acne medications kanıt have been proven to cause congenital anomalies, so you should consult your doctor before using medication for your acne during pregnancy!).
Use gloves for household chores
Nails are considered as an extension of the skin and during pregnancy, with the effect of increasing hormones, the nails can become soft and thin, making them easy to break. In this case, using nail polish can make the situation worse. It is useful to use rubber gloves when washing dishes and laundry, and to apply moisturizing lotion to hands and nails.
Moisturizing cream against itching
If redness occurs in the palms during a period other than pregnancy, this may suggest a liver disease, but this occurs during pregnancy. Redness and itching occur on the palms and rarely on the soles of the feet. The reason for this is the increase in estrogen in the blood due to pregnancy as in most skin changes. Moisturizing creams can be useful when itching is severe. In case of itching that does not respond to moisturizers, some medications may be used according to the doctor's recommendation.
Vascularity in the skin passes after pregnancy
Spider-like veins may occur on the face, neck, and sometimes the abdomen. They are in the form of a vein in the center and capillaries that radiate radially like the feet of a spider. Although they suggest a liver disease when they occur during a non-pregnancy period, they may occur physiologically due to the effect of increased estrogen in pregnancy. They usually disappear in a short time after pregnancy. Treatment is unnecessary because they do not cause a complaint.
For plenty of water against cracks
During pregnancy, a significant number of women develop cracks in the abdominal skin, hips and breasts. These are the changes that occur due to excessive stretching of the skin, often accompanied by a disturbing itch in the fractured areas. The cracks that look red during pregnancy become silver and become permanent after the birth of the baby.
Although some mothers have gained a lot of weight during pregnancy, there are no cracks, and some have had cracks from the early stages of pregnancy. Although some mothers have been using “creams creams itibaren from the earliest stages of pregnancy, widespread cracks may occur and in others, no cracking occurs despite the fact that they do not take“ preventive measures “. Therefore, it is thought that the cracks have a very close relationship with hereditary characteristics. Although it is not possible to prevent the cracks completely, some precautions can prevent the cracks to create permanent cosmetic problems. The common feature of all commercially available “crack creams eri is that they help moisturize and stretch the skin. With these properties, krem creams creams yardımcı help to ease the itching that the cracks bring with it. Some of the expectant mothers prefer to use almond oil instead of these high-priced krem crack creams ve and they say that this substance helps keep the skin moist and eliminate the itch complaint. The oils that are used in the treatment method called “aromatherapy moda which is currently in fashion, should be avoided during pregnancy. Although these oils are of vegetable origin, it should be remembered that most of the drugs are of vegetable origin. Finally, the importance of fluid intake should also be mentioned here: When the amount of water entering the body is insufficient, the elasticity of the skin decreases and the cracks develop more easily. On the contrary, a sufficient amount of fluid maintains the tone of the skin better, and becomes more resistant to tension.
Darkening of Nipples and Other Regions
In 70-90% of the mothers, the skin color becomes more or less dark at the nipples. This condition, which is thought to be due to increased estrogen levels, is more pronounced especially for the mothers with dark skin. Darkening of the skin is particularly evident in the dark area around the nipples, between the vulva and anus, and around the navel. Darkening may also occur on the underarms and on the inside of the legs.
Spilled hair self-healing
Especially on the days after birth, hair loss can occur quickly. This occurs when the growth phases of the hair change as a result of increasing hormonal levels. It is not a condition that requires treatment. It spontaneously resolves after 3-6 months.
In which cases should a doctor be applied?
The skin changes mentioned above are physiological skin changes. However, some skin changes are manifested by other signs and symptoms and necessarily require a doctor's assessment. Skin changes that require medical attention include:
Common itching on the skin: Although itching is normal on abdominal skin and chapped skin areas, it is possible for some expectant mothers to have widespread itching due to pregnancy hormones. These pruritus, which in most cases are benign, require a medical consultation to reveal any underlying pathology of the liver bile ducts.
Common skin rashes: It may be of allergic origin or infection-related. It surely requires doctor control.