Are you curious about the contents of breast milk?Changing breast milk content over time colostrum, transition milk and finally ripe milk secreted from the breast of the mother.
This change is about to meet the baby's needs.
Newborn baby needs colostrumis more yellow and dense than mature milk. It is very important for the baby to take the colostrum. The duration of the secretion of colostrum from the glands varies from person to person, but covers the first week after birth.
In the newborn period, the baby should be breastfed at short intervals and frequently. Also breastfeeding mother-baby communication it provides a healthy foundation, so that babies can build strong bonds with their mothers.
Breast milk has many nutrients and a healthy life bioactive component also includes.
Breast milk is the most suitable composition for the baby and contains many nutrients as well as many bioactive agents that are not nutrients but prolong the life and provide a healthy life.
Components of breast milk brain and eye development, immune system and growth supports.
The main ingredients of breastmilk are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, minerals, vitamins and other trace elements.
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Some important components of breast milk should be examined closely;
As a nutritional component in breast milk prebiotics There. The main task of breast milk prebiotics, whose main ingredient is a molecule called oligosaccharide, is to ensure the formation of healthy bacterial flora in the baby's intestines.
In terms of their role, they directly affect the immune system and play a role as a growth factor for bifidobacteria. For these reasons, prebiotics have been added to infant formulations.
Probiotics can be defined as living microorganisms that have positive effects on a person's health.
Probiotics are commonly found in the intestinal flora of infants breastfed. Probiotic supplementation is tried to provide a similar effect to the beneficial effect of breast milk.Recent clinical studies have shown that probiotics have a positive effect on many infantile and childhood disorders.
Apart from breast milk, the best source of probiotic nutrients in supplementary nutrition is continuation foods with added yoghurt and probiotics.
If you want to learn how to feed during breastfeeding nutrition recommendations during breastfeeding We recommend you to review our article on.
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Products containing probiotics and prebiotics together are called 'synbiotic'.
Since prebiotics are the energy source for microorganisms that are beneficial to the body, when the products containing prebiotics and probiotics are taken together, probiotics will remain alive for a longer period of time, additive and even synergistic effect It is assumed that this may occur.
One of the most abundant proteins in breast milk Alpha-lactalbumin, of breast milk whey protein. Whey proteins are high nutritional value for babies. They contain plenty of essential amino acids.
How is breast milk quality improved? You can watch our video.
Very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) play an important role in infant feeding. Particularly synthesized from essential fatty acids linoleic acid arachidonic acid (AA) and α-linolenic acid synthesized docosahexonoic acid (DHA) are important.
It is suggested that the addition of DHA to infant formulas will improve vision, and both DHA and AA will improve cognitive functions and increase growth.
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for brain and retinal development. For this reason, it is recommended to take enough omega-3 fatty acids for the development of the baby, especially during the last trimester of pregnancy and during breast-feeding.
Taurine is the most free amino acid found in breast milk. Fat absorption, liver function and premature / low birth weight in the development of visual perception of infants There is evidence that it plays an important role. Since the 1980s, most infants have been added to the formula.
Nucleotides are a source of non-protein nitrogen, which is present in high concentration in breast milk. It is accepted as one of the important features that distinguish breast milk from formulas.
Therefore, nucleotides have been added to the formulas in different concentrations for many years.
Complementary nutrition Nucleotide support (20 weeks from birth) improves the composition of the intestinal microflora in infants and makes it similar to those who take breast milk.
The World Health Organization recommends that babies should be exclusively breastfed during the first six months and then breastfed for at least two years, supplemented with additional food.
Purpose of baby nutrition only breast milk for the first 6 months Although in some cases it is not possible to provide / maintain and it is necessary to provide additional nutrients after 6 months.
If you're looking for a guide to switching to additional food, you can review our 6-month baby feeding article.
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