General

Breathing may make you sick

Breathing may make you sick



Factors such as fast and crooked urbanization, heavy traffic and the use of poor quality fuel pollute the air and every breath taken causes harm to the body. Explaining the effects of pollutants in the form of dust, smoke, gas and water vapor in the atmosphere on human health, Anadolu Medical Center Pulmonary Diseases Specialist. Hişam Alahdab stressed that air pollution affects the heart, skin, eyes and nervous system, especially the respiratory tract. “The effects of air pollution on human health are divided into short and long term. Short-term effects occur as an allergic reaction and can be reversed. For example, when the air is very dirty, itching, reddening, sneezing and coughing of people are included in this scope. And these activities have a very low risk of permanent damage. The long-term effects are due to the intensity and duration of pollution in the exposed air. People living in areas where air pollution is dense and persistent increase the risk of chronic diseases ranging from cough to bronchitis, heart disease and cancer. ”Ecosystem is failingThe polluted air contains particles and various gases, and this definition includes chemically sulphate, nitrate, ammonia, sodium chloride and solid substances formed by the combination of mineral powders with water to form particles. Lah Small particles are the most dangerous group because they can enter the air sacs in the lungs. Various gases contained in the polluted air inhalation are also damaging to human health. ” One of these substances, saying that carbon monoxide. Lah Carbon monoxide, on the other hand, reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood and causes functional disorders on the walls of blood vessels, sensitive tissues such as brain and heart. Sulfur dioxide (SO2), one of the most common air pollutant gases, facilitates the emergence of lung diseases such as bronchitis and emphysema. Nitric acid (HNO3), resulting from the combination of gases from vehicles exhausts and fixed combustion plants with sunlight, increases susceptibility to respiratory infections and can lead to permanent changes in the lungs. ” When it comes to air pollution, acid rain should not be forgotten. Alahdab said, gaz Gases such as sulfuric acid and nitric oxide formed in the air are turned into rain in the air when they combine with water, oxygen and oxidants. This rain is actually an acid rain; it affects the green areas, the nutrients grown in the soil, the seas and therefore all the living things and disrupts the ecosystem. ”Respiratory system protects itselfWhen the breathing function occurs, air enters the lungs through the nose and is said to have several control mechanisms along this path. Lah The hairs inside the nose prevent large particles from entering. There are structures called solunum cilia,, which sweep upwards in the main bronchus and the main trachea when passing the upper airways and going to the lower airways. Cilias, to fit all kinds of particles attached to them allows to throw out. The particles passing through these mechanisms can reach the air sacs inside the lungs. ”Need to know the pollution rateNot everyone is equally affected by air pollution, even the healthiest people are exposed to the negative effects of this situation, he added. Alahdab, especially children, the elderly, pregnant women and those with chronic diseases are more affected by pollution, he says. Dr. Hisham Alahdab, the immune system and lung development of children who have not yet completed faster breathing and spending more time outside the group stressed that the risk increases, "Defense mechanisms weakened and chronic diseases are also affected by the increase in the elderly," he concluded.Measures to prevent air pollution