Hygiene is the way to protect children from infectious diseasesWashing hands before and after meals, and consuming fruits and vegetables by washing with plenty of water play an important role in protecting children from infectious diseases. In areas such as schools, where hygiene is neglected by children, the risk of transmission of infectious diseases increases considerably. In this way, it will be possible to protect against infectious diseases with a high risk of infection. Also; it is also protective that children try to stay away from overcrowded environments and avoid playing and spending time in stuffy areas. Children who concentrate on vegetable and fruit-based nutrition will have a stronger immune system, thus lower the risk of developing diseases.Common infectious diseases in school-age childrenSchool-age children often have upper respiratory tract infections such as flu and influenza; jaundice, rubella, scarlet fever and chicken pox. In all of these diseases, the aforementioned means of protection apply. In this respect, parents and school administrations have important duties, especially in terms of hygiene.Upper respiratory tract infections: Inflammation of the upper respiratory tract; runny nose, weakness, mild fever and manifesting symptoms, such as 2-3 days is a discomfort that loses its effect in a short time. Influenza, another common respiratory tract infection, is common in children; high fever, muscle pain, weakness, symptoms such as runny nose. Inhalation of common air from a large number of students in the same environment greatly increases the risk of infectious infections of the upper respiratory tract. Preventing children from excessive sweating and cold, healthy and regular nutrition, hand hygiene, precautions such as upper respiratory tract infections can be avoided. This infection, which has symptoms such as vomiting, headache, fever, weakness and abdominal pain, resolves in about 2 weeks. Taking care of hand hygiene has an important effect on preventing the transmission of this disease.Rubella: This disease manifested by rashes; weakness, fever, swelling of the lymph nodes. Today, thanks to preventive vaccination, long-term prevention of this disease can be taken at an early age.Red: Kizil is an acute and contagious disease and is a common disease in kindergarten and primary school children. This disease, which causes rashes in the whole body, can be transmitted to other people by respiratory tract. Hygiene is very important in terms of preventing the spread of this disease to the environment.Chicken pox: Chickenpox, which presents with itchy and red rashes, continues its progression with high fever. Especially during the first week, the risk of contamination is very high. Because it is a vaccine, there is a chance of protection.