Psychologist Eda Gökduman talks about language development in infants:
Babies strive to communicate with parents from the moment they are born. The first effort for this is to cry. They cry to tell you what they want. It communicates with its environment by using a number of non-verbal expressions such as touching, reaching out and showing. He started to say, “Mr. Bay layarak by waving his hand - pointing with his hand or reaching out to say orum I want to take it“. In some children, irritability is a behavior that we frequently observe, since language development is not sufficient. Many mothers also feel uncomfortable. Because the children pull their hair, whatever you do persistently cry or throw itself to the ground, What needs to be done is to be understanding of this behavior and to try to understand what the child wants. When language development reaches a sufficient level, he / she will be able to express his / her wishes and expectations verbally, not by his / her behavior.
Stage before speaking: This stage is very important. Speech is learned by imitation, so from the moment your baby is born, you should establish a rich and warm communication with it. The more words used and the more people communicate (no isolated life), the sooner the conversation will begin.
Your child's hearing needs to be healthy for the speech to begin.
Your child must have the ability to listen (orient) and learn to respond. Making eye contact for babies and responding to your cute reactions with smiles means that you can listen. When you speak at a later age, your child's ability to look at you and do what you say - persistence means that he can communicate with you. Your child needs to listen to you to mimic you. Talk to him about the things you do during the day, constantly address him by name, make him look at your face while expressing himself. (if you have difficulty with this for a long time, consult a specialist) Smile and touch him while talking, keep your face close to him while talking, babies can clearly see objects that are 25-30 cm away. Even when doing business at home, keep him (baby chair) near you and talk to him.
Turn the direction towards you. You can also let him touch it to learn better what he sees. You should be patient for your child to turn to you, attention is very short at these ages, if he does not react immediately do not rush him, be patient, may not be organized immediately, continue to make efforts. You can use puppets, dolls, etc. to get your attention. You can get your attention by raising and lowering your tone. You have to let him anticipate the continuation of some of the moves you make, wait for him to turn to you when he lifts your arms to hold you, give him the opportunity. Always use the same words for the same behavior. This will allow him to reinforce some words. Always use the truth of words, be careful not to use aliases. (such as her atta yerine instead of outside) Try to respond as much as possible to every sound your child directs you, do not be irrelevant. Let him touch age-appropriate objects or toys when you're not around and constantly highlight their names when touching them together. Identify what she likes and use them to improve communication. (for example, if you like to listen to music, use the word music ball, throw the ball with music) Keep in mind that there are no other environmental factors that distract you when communicating with him, be quiet and be one-to-one. Be patient for him to answer, give him time to react to what you say. When they start extracting letters, they may put some letters in the wrong place, or they may mispronounce a word, so don't criticize it or act on it. For example; If he says “water” to “this ın, don't get angry and keep saying su water,. Some parents may find these words cute and continue to use them, which is a matter to be aware of. Look at your family album together or encyclopedias with untangled picture animals, etc. and repeat their names. You can continue to work on other days, and if you feel bored, you can switch to other pictures or activities. Set a certain corner of the house as a book reading corner, go to this corner by taking the picture stories that are appropriate for your age at the same time every evening and read together, attention is short-term, even if it seems as if you do not listen to you for a while, you will come again. When language development reaches a certain level, encourage him to read these stories himself. Show the object you're talking about, let it touch. Provide communication with other people and encourage them to talk to them.
We see the great damages of television in language development. Children who have not yet started or completed language development should never watch television. (even though he loves it, be careful not to watch it even if he eats his food in front of the television or a cartoon he loves)
Remember, each child's development speed is different, don't compare your child to other children, he'll start talking when he's ready. If you do not see any improvement in language development for a long time according to the age level, you should consult a specialist.