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Why should pneumococcal vaccination be given?
Pneumococcal microbes can cause serious infections that can result in death in children under 5 years of age. These microbes are the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in our country. Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes. Other common infections caused by this microbe, middle ear infections, zatüree and sepsis into the blood of this bacterium that we call is a serious disease. Children under 2 years of age constitute the most risky age group for serious infection. Pneumococci are transmitted by close contact with other people and adults, and can lead to difficult-to-treat diseases, particularly as they may develop resistance to antibiotics. The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is helpful in preventing blood infections with meningitis caused by this bacterium. It has also been shown to prevent some middle ear infections.
Who and when should this vaccine be given?
Routine administration in children under 2 years of age is 4 doses. These doses are 2, 4, 6 and 12-15. months. However, children who have not been vaccinated in these months can still be vaccinated. You can consult your doctor.
Children from 2 to 5 years: They should be vaccinated if they are under 3 years of age or at risk, especially if they go to kindergarten. The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine can be administered simultaneously with other vaccines from different sites.
Which children should not be vaccinated or expected?
Children who have had a severe allergic reaction to the previous dose of this vaccine should not be repeated. Inform your doctor if this is the case. In the case of mild colds and colds, this vaccine can be given, but children with high fever or moderate-to-severe illness should be waited until they recover.
What are the side effects of pneumococcal vaccine?
Studies on 60,000 doses of vaccine have shown that this vaccine rarely causes mild reactions. According to this;
• One in 4 children may have slight redness, swelling and pain at the vaccination site
• One in three children may have mild fever (37.5 degrees) and one in 50 children may have a higher fever (38 degrees).
• Some children may experience temporary restlessness, crying and loss of appetite.
• In these cases, you may use paracetamol-containing antipyretics in consultation with your doctor.
No serious reactions to this vaccine have been observed so far, but it should be noted that there is a risk of allergic reactions in vaccines, as with any drug.
General Pediatrics Specialist at Anadolu Medical Center Ela Tahmaz