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According to the dose, the sun can be our doctor or our enemy. As a parent, our most important duties are to educate and protect our children, being alert to the sun during the summer months is our duty to protect them from skin cancer.
Memorial Etiler Medical Center Department of Pediatrics Uz. Dr. Gökhan Mamur, With the summer season, children play and swim in the sun for long hours and must be protected from the harmful effects of the sun, he points out.
How will we be protected?
To prevent sunburn and skin cancer, children should be protected from harmful sunlight. Since the skin is very thin in the first years of life and it is difficult to control children aged 9-12 years, the risk of sunburn increases especially during these periods.
Sunscreen cream contains various chemicals, prevents the sun's harmful rays from penetrating into the skin and has different properties according to the genus:
SPF / Protection factor: It can go from two to 50, or even higher. In children, 20-30 factors are usually sufficient. The difference in protection between factors 30 and 50 is about three percent.
UVA / UVB: Both rays can cause cancer, so the product you choose should be protecting against both beams.
Waterproof / water resistant: The waterproof cream lasts for 40 minutes while the waterproof cream maintains its protective effect after 80 minutes in water. Waterproof is more powerful.
If your child will stay in the sun for more than 30 minutes, you should apply sunscreen 20-30 minutes before sun exposure. You should also refresh the cream every 80 minutes.
Children applying sunscreen
According to the latest data, sunscreens containing zinc oxide (called “ZN oxide içerik) can be applied to babies under six months. Babies in this age group should not be exposed to direct sunlight, they should be protected by light clothing and hats.
Some sun creams can cause significant skin allergies. Don't use the cream you bought a few years ago. Also try your new sunscreen before going on holiday. If you experience an allergic reaction after driving all over your child on the first day of the holiday, this will cause both you and your child to enjoy themselves and make your holiday poison. Therefore, the day before the sun comes out the new cream on your child's arm a few square centimeters by applying a “patch test” do, cover the bandage. The next day, remove the band-aid under the sun. If there is no redness, swelling or itching in that area within 15 minutes, go back in, apply the sunscreen all over your body and leave the sun in 30 minutes.
Light cotton garments such as T-shirts provide about seven factors of protection (SPF 7), so they are not enough on their own, but they are very helpful.
The hat protects the ears and face in particular. To be protected from direct sunlight, especially in the first six months of life.
Avoid going out between 10.00 and 16.00. It is best not to go out in the sun during these times when the sun's rays are reflected to your location the most perpendicular, thus the most effective. Don't let the weather be cloudy because the harmful rays of the sun penetrate the clouds easily. You may not see it, but make sure the sun sees you.
5 SUN ERROR
My child will not burn if I apply sun protection with 50 protection factors.
If you do not drive or refresh enough, your child will burn despite the cream or fat. It is recommended to spread at least 30 grams of cream throughout the body. In spray oils, care should be taken to absorb all parts of the body thoroughly. It should also be re-applied every two hours after a swim and if it becomes too sweaty. Dermatologists say that the term “water-resistant olduğun is misleading, which in fact means that the product provides protection for up to 80 minutes in water. During this period, some of it will run away with water and will be removed while drying with a towel.
There is no danger of tanning.
There is a risk of your child getting skin cancer if you are constantly walking around with bronze skin. Doctors “It is now known that the longer the children stay under the sun, the higher the risk of flat cell and basal cell skin cancers. Indeed, the discoloration means that the skin is damaged. ”
I don't need to be scared since my kid spends most of the day.
You need to be scared. Especially in sunny weather. Because window glazing only blocks UVB rays, UVA rays (if sitting on the edge of the glass) continue to reach your child's skin. In the past, only UVB rays were thought to be dangerous. However, we now know that UVAs can also cause cancer. Before driving a long drive, children should wear sunscreen on their face, forehead and hands. It should also be creamed if it is near the window at home or at school.
The baby is not sunscreen.
Certainly you should keep your baby away from the sun, but sometimes you cannot prevent it from being exposed to the sun. Pediatricians say that babies can also be given a small amount of sunscreen oil. However, in order to determine if it will cause allergies or irritation, apply a little den patch test çok to the inside of your wrist and wait until the next day.
Sometimes the child should go to the sun without cream in order to avoid vitamin D deficiency.
You probably saw the news about how much we all need sunlight to help our body produce this important food. But experts all day without being in the sun, milk, vitamin-added fruit juice, such as vitamin, we can get enough of the vitamin says. Healthy and active children playing outdoors receive more sunlight than the amount required to produce adequate vitamin D. Research reveals that vitamin D deficiency is not seen in people who regularly use sunscreen.