“Early childhood ”is a critical period in which the basic building blocks are laid in the development of the child, the sitting of the personality, and the growth of a healthy individual. When the child starts school at age seven, much of his development is complete and it's too late for education. En Contact Sevil directly tells the curious about the subject.
Education is a process that begins with birth and continues throughout life. The foundations of lifelong learning are laid in the first six years of age, ie early childhood. In this period, providing good education and providing positive environmental conditions play a very important role in supporting the physical, mental, emotional and social development of the child. Early childhood education starts first in the family. Contact Sevil directly sonra After the family, pre-school institutions support the family in preparing the child for social life. Preschool education institutions do not support working parents and take care of childcare; These are educational institutions aiming to ensure that children spend their physical, social, emotional and scientific development in the most healthy way, to prepare them for future education, to express themselves as a social individual who expresses their creative aspects and skills and to inform the family about preschool education. UNICEF sees preschool education as the başlangıç best place to start ve and argues that children should be given equal rights in this crucial turn for children.
grave table in Turkey
Looking at the level of education preschool education in Turkey seems to be underdeveloped country level. When we look at the rates of those who receive early childhood education at the age of 3-5 in the world, 70 percent in Mexico, which is very similar in terms of economy; 34 percent in Morocco and 27 percent in Jordan; In Eastern European countries at least 50; This rate is close to 100% in each of the EU countries we want to become a member of!
The statistics are not so heartwarming. He does not receive 85 100 children from preschool education in Turkey and most of the area consists of the 15% rate of children educated family. The fact that institutions outside kindergarten are paid in large cities clearly shows that not every child can benefit from the right to early childhood education. Besides the problem of the lack of quality of education preschool education institutions in Turkey as well. The researches found that the qualifications of the existing institutions differ and the number of educational institutions in our country is less than those for child care purposes.
Silver educators Sevil, says: "As can be understood from these examples is insufficient in Turkey in preschool education. This is because the awareness of early childhood education plays an important role in the development of the child. However, domestic and abroad research conducted in the early ages of children; It is a critical period in intelligence, personality and social development and neglect of these ages also affects the later periods. If the needs of the child are not met properly in this period, it may cause behavioral problems, mental and physical retardation in the future life of the child. Linguists working on language acquisition and development also emphasize that preschool years are very important for language acquisition. ”
Supports brain development
Early childhood education is also a critical period for the development of the brain. Research shows that the most important part of brain development occurs in the first 6 years. 3-6 years is the period in which the connections between neurons occur at the highest level. When a baby reaches the age of 3, 90% of the physical growth of the brain is complete. Childhood experiences are evident in which cells are used in the working circuits of the brain. Childhood life and environmental conditions have been shown to affect brain functioning positively or negatively, and in children who do not play and have little touch, brain development has been shown to be 20-30% less than their peers. Therefore, providing children with opportunities for complex perception and physical experiences at an early age has a positive impact on the development of different learning skills in later years. In fact, providing such facilities may compensate for deficiencies due to early malnutrition or at least eliminate some of them (Bekman, 1999).
Research on the effect of preschool education on the development of children proves the positive effect of early childhood education. Early childhood education is not only a child, but a family, society and economy that provides high income, but costly investments. The pedagogue Sevil Gümüş talks about AÇEV's research and says: