Before school start-up, activities similar to those in kindergarten activities at home may facilitate child adaptation.
Starting a kindergarten is an important and difficult process for both children and parents. On the one hand a sweet excitement on the other hand some worries await families. Acıbadem Hospital Kadıköy Pedagogue Ayşegül Salgın answers the questions that come to mind.
Pre-primary education, kindergarten, or more commonly used, kindergarten is an important and sometimes difficult process for both children and parents. The child is separated from his / her family for the first time, is in a structured, normative environment and gives his first important social test. The age at the day of kindergarten, how the child and the family go through this process and the duration of adjustment should be evaluated separately for each child, family and home. However, in general, we can say that children around 3 years of age are ready for this experience when the child can be with their peers, play games and learn to follow the rules. When evaluated individually, the general developmental assessment of the child (language, motor, social-emotional development level) and whether the child has reached a sufficient level of maturity and skill for the school should be considered. In addition, family relations (especially mother-child relationship), family's perception of the child's first social experience, the environment at home, attitudes and attitudes of teachers and students are among the factors that affect the child's adjustment.
The most common problem in starting a nursery is that the child cannot be separated from the mother (and in fact more often than not the mother). This is usually the result of a dependent mother-child relationship. In other words, this condition, which can be called as separation anxiety (anxiety), makes the independence process of the child difficult and delayed. It is seen that these children are not able to act independently in sleep and food subjects, especially they need the support of their mothers and they experience delays and difficulties in toilet training. The mother's attitude in this situation is also very decisive. Reducing the mother's anxiety will make the child more comfortable in the independence process.
It is important that before the start of school, the child has reached a sufficient level of skill for this experience and has had enough social interaction experience. Even if the child is sufficiently prepared, it is normal to experience adaptation difficulties during the first 1-2 weeks. When the child is experiencing these difficulties, the family's efforts to protect and look after the child may increase the anxiety of the child and extend the adaptation period and make it more difficult.
The consistent and clear attitude of the family to school attendance, and the appropriate behavior of the teacher and the best experience of this initial experience will positively affect the child's subsequent experiences, especially the period of primary school entry and school-learning.
To share this with the child before starting the day-care center, to give him time to feel ready, to make the choice of a home together, to show the children who attend the day-care as a model, to get used to the school and the teacher with 2-3 hours of play groups during the beginning period and gradually moving away will help reduce the difficulties in the adaptation process. When the time for adaptation becomes too long and the child-family is very difficult, it may be necessary to consult a pedagogue and evaluate this situation with possible reasons and make new arrangements.
For more information Acıbadem Kurumsal İletişim (216) 544 38 72